Ethiopia blamed both Egypt and Sudan for the failure of the Ennahda dam negotiations in Kinshasa, while Cairo called the Ethiopian position “intransigent” and responsible for the failure of the negotiations, while Khartoum called for an urgent agreement on the dam.
Ethiopian Foreign Ministry spokesman Dina Mufti said that “the two downstream countries have prevented an agreement on the Renaissance Dam with the aim of taking the file out of the African house and internationalizing it”.
At a press conference, the mufti added that Addis Ababa had dispelled all the concerns of the two downstream states and had handed them information and data in response to all their inquiries.
In contrast, Egyptian Foreign Minister Sameh Shoukry said that “Ethiopian intransigence continues to hamper the negotiations of the Renaissance Dam, and the failure to reach a just and binding legal agreement that serves the interests of all.”
During a meeting in the House of Representatives, Shoukry added that the great flexibility on the part of Egypt and Sudan is not reciprocated by Ethiopia, stressing Egypt’s keenness to resolve the crisis through negotiation.
Shoukry explained that no country in the world-nor the World Bank – contributes to the financing of the dam directly because the dam is disputed.
Sudan’s Irrigation Minister Yasser Abbas called Wednesday for an “amicable and urgent” agreement on the Ethiopian Renaissance Dam, especially as its construction is in advanced stages.
“It has become important to evaluate the long process of negotiations to reach an amicable and urgent agreement, especially as the Renaissance Dam has reached advanced stages of construction, for the safety of our dams and national security,”Abbas said in a tweet on his Twitter account.
He added that Sudanese Prime Minister Abdullah Hamdok’s invitation to the meeting represents a good opportunity to maintain regional and global peace.
On Tuesday, Hamdok invited his Egyptian counterpart Mustafa Madbouli and Ethiopian Abiy Ahmed to a three-way summit via video link, within 10 days, to assess the dam negotiations, which have reached a stalemate.
For 10 years, the three states have been conducting stalled negotiations, and the African Union has been sponsoring them for months.
On April 6, A round of negotiations in the Democratic Republic of Congo’s capital Kinshasa ended without progress, with mutual accusations of responsibility between Khartoum and Cairo on the one hand and Addis Ababa on the other.
In July 2020, Ethiopia acknowledged that it had carried out the first water filling of the dam without reaching an agreement with the downstream countries of Egypt and Sudan.
Currently, it insists on a second filling of the Nahda dam next July, even if it does not reach a tripartite agreement on the dam on the Blue Nile, the main tributary of the Nile.
Cairo and Khartoum are committed to first reaching an agreement on filling and operating, which will preserve their water facilities and ensure that their annual share of Nile water, 55.5 billion cubic meters, continues to flow to Egypt and 18.5 billion cubic meters to Sudan.