who is Vladimir Putin?
Vladimir Putin was born on October 7, 1952, in Leningrad. “I am from a simple family, and I have lived this life for a very long time, practically my entire adult life. I lived like an ordinary, normal person, and I always have this connection, ”Putin recalls.
Mother Maria Ivanovna
Vladimir Putin’s mother – Maria Ivanovna Shelomova – was a very gentle, benevolent person.
“We lived modestly. Therefore, cabbage soup, cutlets were made and pancakes. And on Sundays and holidays, my mother baked pies with cabbage, meat, rice and cheesecakes, which are very tasty, ”says Putin.
Mom did not approve of his decision to practice judo. “Every time I went to practice, she said: he went to fight again.”
The situation was corrected by his coach, who came home and told his parents what he was doing, what success he had achieved, after which the attitude to this sport in the family changed.
Father Vladimir Spiridonovich
Vladimir Putin’s father, Vladimir Spiridonovich Putin, is a war veteran, in the 50s he served in the guard of a carriage building plant, and later was a foreman at the plant.
“My father was born in St. Petersburg in 1911. When the First World War began, it became difficult to live in St. Petersburg, it became hungry, and the whole family went to the village of Pominovo in the Tver region, to the homeland of my grandmother. By the way, the house where they lived is still standing, relatives go there to rest. In the same place, in Pominovo, my father met my mother. They got married when they were 17 years old, ”says Putin.
After the war, the Putin family settled in a room in a communal apartment, in an ordinary St. Petersburg house in Baskov Lane. Vladimir Putin recalls: “The courtyard is a well, the fifth floor without an elevator. Before the war, my parents had half a house in Peterhof. They were very proud of the standard of living they had reached then. Although what a level it was! But it seemed to them that this was almost the ultimate dream. “
Was a bully, not a pioneer
From 1960 to 1968, Vladimir Putin studied at the eight-year school No. 193 in Leningrad. After the eighth grade, he entered secondary school No. 281 (a special school with a chemical bias on the basis of a technological institute), which he graduated in 1970.
Teacher Vera Dmitrievna Gurevich
From the first to the eighth grade, Vladimir Putin studied at the 193rd school. He recalls that he was a bully, not a pioneer.
His teacher Vera Dmitrievna Gurevich said: “In the 5th grade, he still did not show himself very much, but I felt that he had potential, energy, character. I saw a great interest in the language, he grasped easily. He had a very good memory, flexible mind. I thought: this boy will make sense. I decided to pay more attention to him, not to give the opportunity to communicate with the courtyard boys. ”
Search for priorities
Until the sixth grade, Putin had little interest in learning. His teacher Vera Dmitrievna Gurevich understood that a boy could study better without Cs.
She even met with his father so that he somehow influenced his son. But that didn’t help much. Vladimir Putin himself has dramatically changed his attitude towards classes in the sixth grade.
Putin says: “Other priorities have already begun to appear, I had to assert myself in sports, to achieve something, other goals have appeared. This, of course, had a very strong effect. ”
Potential, energy, character
In the sixth grade, Putin set himself the goal of achieving something in life. He began to study without Cs, which was easy for him. Then he was accepted as a pioneer, and immediately after that he became the chairman of the detachment council.
“It became clear that yard skills were not enough, and I started to play sports. But this resource did not last long to maintain its, so to speak, status. It was also necessary to study well, ”says Putin.
Leningrad State University and KGB Graduate School
In 1970, Vladimir Putin entered the law faculty of Leningrad State University, from which he graduated in 1975. In the late 70s – early 80s, Putin graduated from the Moscow Higher School of the KGB # 1.
Sailor? Pilot? Scout
Even before Vladimir Putin graduated from high school, he had a desire to work in intelligence. To find out how they become scouts, he went to the reception area of the KGB. There he was told that first he needed to either serve in the army or graduate from a university, preferably a law faculty.
“And from that moment on, I began to prepare for the law faculty of Leningrad University,” says Putin.
Other incentives, other values
In 1970, Vladimir Putin entered the law faculty of the Leningrad State University. “The course consisted of 100 people, and only 10 of them took immediately after school. The rest – after the army. Therefore, for us, schoolchildren, the competition was about 40 people per place. I got an A for my essay, but I passed all the rest with A and I passed, ”says Putin.
“When I started studying at the university, there were other incentives, different values, I mainly focused on my studies, and I already treated sports as a secondary matter. But I trained, of course, regularly, and participated in all-Union competitions, although somehow by inertia, or something, ”he recalls.
State security bodies
After Putin graduated from Leningrad State University, he was assigned to work in the state security agencies. “My ideas about the KGB arose on the basis of romantic stories about the work of intelligence officers,” says Putin.
He was registered first in the secretariat of the Directorate, then in the counterintelligence unit, where he worked for about five months. Six months later, he was sent to retraining courses for operational personnel.
For about six months, Putin worked in a counterintelligence unit.
It was then that foreign intelligence officers drew attention to him. “Quite quickly I left for special training in Moscow, where I spent a year. Then he returned to Leningrad again, worked there, as they used to say, in the first department. The first main directorate is intelligence. This department had subdivisions in large cities of the Union, including Leningrad. I worked there for about four and a half years, ”he recalls.
Then Putin again went to Moscow to study at the Andropov Red Banner Institute, where he was prepared for a trip to Germany.
Wedding and Germany
There was something about him …
After graduating from the Andropov Red Banner Institute, where Vladimir Putin was prepared for a trip to Germany, in 1985 he left for the GDR and worked there until 1990. But before leaving, more than one important event happened in his life …
Vladimir Putin and Lyudmila Shkrebneva were introduced by a mutual friend. Lyudmila worked as a flight attendant on domestic lines and flew with a friend to Leningrad for three days.
“Once, when I was already working in the first division in St. Petersburg, a friend called me and said that he was inviting me to the theater for Arkady Raikin. He has tickets, the girls will be. We went. The girls really were. The next day we went to the theater again. I already got tickets. And the third is the same. I started dating one of them. We became friends. With Lyuda, my future wife, ”says Putin.
“Apparently, there was something in Volodya that attracted me. Three or four months later, I have already decided that he is exactly the person I need, ”recalls Lyudmila. Three years after they met, Vladimir made an offer to Lyudmila. “I realized that if I don’t get married for another two or three years, I’ll never get married. Although, of course, the habit of a bachelor life has developed. Lyudmila eradicated it, ”Putin admits.
They got married on July 28, 1983.
Vladimir and Lyudmila Putin were married until 2013.
Daughters Maria and Katerina
In 1985, before leaving for Germany, Vladimir and Lyudmila Putin had a daughter, Maria. The youngest, Katerina, was born in 1986 – already in Dresden.
Both girls were named after their grandmothers: Maria Ivanovna Putin and Ekaterina Tikhonovna Shkrebneva.
According to their mother, Lyudmila, Putin loves his daughters very much. “Not all men are as touching to their children as he is. And he always spoiled them, but I had to educate them, ”she says.
In 1985-1990, Vladimir Putin worked in the GDR. He served in the territorial intelligence service in Dresden. According to the length of service, he was promoted to the rank of lieutenant colonel and to the position of senior assistant to the head of the department. And in 1989 he was awarded the bronze medal “For Outstanding Services to the National People’s Army of the GDR”.
“My work was going well. It was considered normal if there was one promotion while working on a business trip. I was promoted twice, ”says Putin.
From assistant rector of Leningrad State University to acting President of the Russian Federation
Leningrad – Moscow
After returning from Germany to Leningrad, Vladimir Putin since 1990 served as assistant to the rector of the Leningrad State University for international affairs. In 1996, he and his family moved to Moscow, where his political career began.
Leningrad – Saint Petersburg
In 1990, after returning from Dresden to Leningrad, Vladimir Putin got a job as assistant to the rector of the Leningrad State University for international affairs. “I gladly went ‘under the roof’ of Leningrad State University, hoping to write a Ph.D. thesis, see how and what, and maybe stay to work at Leningrad State University. So, in the 90th I became the assistant to the rector of the university for international relations, ”Putin recalls.
He soon became an advisor to the chairman of the Leningrad City Council.
In June 1991, Putin began working as chairman of the Committee for External Relations of the St. Petersburg City Hall and at the same time – since 1994 – as First Deputy Chairman of the Government of St. Petersburg.
After moving to work in the mayor’s office of Leningrad, Putin submitted a letter of resignation from the KGB of the USSR.
Moscow. Premier with perspective
In 1996, Vladimir Putin moved with his family to Moscow, as he was offered the post of Deputy Chief Executive Officer of the President of the Russian Federation. “I can’t say that I didn’t love Moscow. I just loved Peter more. But Moscow is clearly a European city, ”Putin recalls.
His career has developed rapidly. In March 1997, Putin became Deputy Chief of Staff of the Presidential Administration of the Russian Federation, Head of the Main Control Directorate of the President of the Russian Federation. Despite the workload, in 1997 he defended his Ph.D. thesis in economics at the St. Petersburg State Mining Institute. In May 1998, Putin was already the First Deputy Chief of Staff of the Presidential Administration of the Russian Federation, in July 1998 he was appointed Director of the Federal Security Service of the Russian Federation, at the same time – since March 1999 – the Secretary of the Security Council of the Russian Federation.
And already in August 1999, Vladimir Putin became the Chairman of the Government of the Russian Federation. This post was offered to him by the President of the Russian Federation Boris Yeltsin.
Putin recalls it this way: “Boris Nikolayevich invited me to his place and said that he had an idea to offer me the post of Prime Minister. <…> By the way, in a conversation with me, he did not say the word “successor”. Yeltsin spoke of a “premier with a perspective,” that if everything goes well, he would consider it possible. ”
According to Putin, it was interesting and honorable for him to work in this position: “I thought, well, I’ll work for a year, and that’s good. If I help save Russia from collapse, then this will be proud. ”
Acting President of the Russian Federation
Before the new year 2000, Russian President Boris Yeltsin invited Vladimir Putin to become acting President.
“Two or three weeks before the New Year, Boris Nikolayevich invited me to his office and said that he had decided to leave. Thus, I will have to become the acting President, ”Putin recalls.
According to him, it was difficult for him to make a decision, as it was “a rather difficult fate.”
“On the one hand, there are internal arguments. But there is another logic as well. Fate is shaping up so that you can work at the highest level in the country and for the country. And it’s silly to say: no, I’ll trade in seeds, or: no, I’ll go into private legal practice. Well, then you can do it in the end. First, work here, then there, ”Putin explains his choice.
December 31, 1999 Vladimir Putin becomes Acting President of the Russian Federation.
President and Prime Minister of the Russian Federation
You must always think about the future, always look forward
On March 26, 2000, Vladimir Putin was elected President of the Russian Federation, on March 14, 2004, he was elected President of the Russian Federation for a second term. On May 8, 2008, by presidential decree, he was appointed Chairman of the Government of the Russian Federation.
President of Russian Federation
Vladimir Putin was elected President of the Russian Federation on March 26, 2000. On May 7, 2000, he took office.
In his inaugural speech, Vladimir Putin said: “We have common goals, we want our Russia to be a free, prosperous, rich, strong, civilized country, a country that
He added that in his activities he will be guided exclusively by state interests. “It may not be possible to avoid mistakes, but what I can promise and promise is that I will work openly and honestly,” Putin said.
Elected President of the Russian Federation for a second term
On March 14, 2004, he was elected President of the Russian Federation for a second term. In his Address to the Federal Assembly on May 26, 2004, Putin, in particular, said: “Our goals are absolutely clear. This is a high standard of living in the country, life – safe, free and comfortable. It is a mature democracy and a developed civil society. This is the strengthening of Russia’s positions in the world, and most importantly, I repeat, a significant increase in the well-being of citizens.
Today we know our own possibilities better. We know what resources we have. We understand that it can hinder us in achieving these goals. And we are actively modernizing the state, ensuring that its functions correspond to the modern stage of Russia’s development, a stage that ensures a significantly higher standard of living. ”
its citizens are proud of and respected in the world.”
Appointed Prime Minister of the Russian Federation
On May 8, 2008, by the Decree of the President of the Russian Federation, Vladimir Putin was appointed Chairman of the Government of the Russian Federation.
“In recent years, Russia has grown significantly stronger. We have sufficient resource potential to solve even more complex problems. The point is that the potential we have accumulated is used competently, efficiently and properly. For my part, I am ready to make every effort to achieve the set goals. To obtain new and significant results, in the name of the country’s prosperity and a decent life for Russian citizens, ”Putin said at a meeting of the State Duma of the Russian Federation.
As Prime Minister
The focus should be on the person
The Prime Minister is focused on the person. According to Putin, the government should rely only on the Russian people, and if there is no such support, then there is nothing to do in the government. In November 2011, Vladimir Putin was nominated as a candidate for President of the Russian Federation.
Under personal control
Vladimir Putin took personal control of the situation to support citizens who suffered from forest fires in the summer of 2010.
Thus, round-the-clock monitoring of the construction of houses for fire victims was organized. At each significant site, video surveillance cameras were installed that work around the clock. Three monitors were brought out: one – to the Government House, the second – to Vladimir Putin’s home, and the third – to the Government website.
Relatives of those killed in the fires were paid 1 million rubles of compensation, and each member of the family affected by the fires was paid 100 thousand rubles. All fire victims received new houses and apartments before winter or, if they wish, monetary compensation. 2.2 thousand families have built new houses.
Vladimir Putin actively supports the implementation of measures to develop the agro-industrial complex. “Step by step we are becoming sovereign masters in our food and agricultural market. And all this is the result of the development of the domestic agro-industrial complex, a visible embodiment of the labor of Russian grain growers, livestock breeders, processors, ”he says.
Support for military personnel and teachers is also a priority for Putin.
In November 2011, the participants of the XII Congress of “United Russia” approved Prime Minister Vladimir Putin as a candidate for President of the Russian Federation.
On March 4, 2012, Vladimir Putin was elected President of the Russian Federation.
“The coming years will be decisive for the fate of Russia for decades to come. And we must all understand that the life of future generations, the historical perspective of the state and our nation depend on us today, ”said Vladimir Putin in his inaugural speech on May 7, 2012.
On the day of taking office, the President signed 11 decrees designed to solve the most significant and sensitive problems for citizens, namely: increasing the wages of state employees while improving the quality of medical, educational and social services; improvement of housing conditions, including large families and those who live in dilapidated houses; improving the work of authorities and organizations that provide municipal and state services.
Constant control over the execution of orders formulated in the framework of the May decrees is carried out by the Commission for Monitoring the Achievement of Target Indicators of Russia’s Socio-Economic Development, headed by the President.
Sochi 2014 Olympics
On February 7, 2014, Vladimir Putin launched the XXII Winter Olympic Games in Sochi. For their holding, 11 sports facilities with a total capacity of 200 thousand spectators were built in the city. In total, 380 structures were erected in the preparation process: objects of coastal and mountain clusters, transport, energy and hotel infrastructure.
2876 athletes from 88 countries took part in the Games in Sochi. This was the first Winter Olympics in the history of Russia.
Entry of Crimea into Russia
On March 16, 2014, a referendum was held in Crimea, in which 96 percent of voters voted for reunification with Russia. On March 18, in the St. George Hall of the Kremlin, the President addressed both chambers of the Federal Assembly with a request to consider the Constitutional Law on the admission of two new subjects to the Russian Federation: the Republic of Crimea and the city of Sevastopol. The agreement on the entry of Crimea into Russia was signed immediately after the speech was delivered.
“In the minds of people, Crimea has always been and remains an integral part of Russia. This conviction, based on truth and justice, was unshakable, passed down from generation to generation, both time and circumstances were powerless in front of it, all the dramatic changes that our country experienced during the twentieth century were powerless, “Vladimir Putin said at a meeting with deputies of the State Duma, members of the Federation Council, heads of regions of Russia and representatives of civil society.
On December 6, 2017, during a visit to the GAZ plant in Nizhny Novgorod, the head of state announced plans to take part in the upcoming elections.
Following the elections held on March 18, 2018, Vladimir Putin was re-elected to the post of President of the Russian Federation